Group Media & Photos

Internment Locations

Arrested: December 1941

Sand Island Internment Camp, Honolulu, Oahu Island

This internee was among 166 men (mostly Issei) who were sent on the second transfer ship for internment in U.S. Army and Justice Department camps on the Mainland. These men were sent together from camp to camp, with some paroled to War Relocation Authority camps to reunite with family or transferred for repatriation to Japan. This internee was in a sub-group of Second Transfer Group internees who were sent from Livingston to Missoula before being transferred to Santa Fe.

Angel Island Detention Facility, California

March 1942 - April 1942

Fort Sill Internment Camp, Oklahoma

April 1942 - May 1942

Camp Livingston Internment Camp, Louisiana

June 1942 - June 1943

Fort Missoula Internment Camp, Montana

June 1943 - April 1944

Santa Fe Internment Camp, New Mexico

April 1944 - October 1945

Returned to Hawaii: November 1945

Arrived in Honolulu with 450 other internees aboard the military troopship the Yarmouth.

Hanzo Shimokawa was born Hanzo Kurihara in 1889. After earning a teaching certificate, he left Japan at the age of twenty to study art in the United States. He became a Japanese language school teacher instead, first in Laupahoehoe on Hawaii Island and then in Honolulu, where he met a fellow teacher and his future wife, Shigeno Shimokawa. Hanzo took Shigeno's surname upon their marriage, and the couple returned to the Big Island, where they reared seven children and taught at Japanese language schools until Hanzo's arrest and internment.

Their son, James Wataru Shimokawa, served in the U.S. Army during the war as a trained linguist with the Military Intelligence Service.

Hanzo Shimokawa returned to the islands after internment, and when Japanese language schools were allowed to reopen, he served as the principal of Sheridan Gakuen and Fort Gakuen in Honolulu.